The first few months of life are important to an infant as his personality depends upon the influence of relationships. These influences are responsible for constructing a positive sense of ‘attachment’ in an infant. Early in the first quarter, however, the infant is unable to distinguish among individuals, and so the earliest expectations operate as generalized expectations of people. Though a parent may become attached to an infant almost as soon as the baby is born, it takes several months for the infant to feel and become securely attached, thereby identifying the parent or primary caretaker. As the infants are sociable from the moment of birth, they prefer human companionship to contact with inanimate objects, it seems that they love their parents instantly. However, until they reach 3-5 months of age, baby’s sociability and attraction to people is largely indiscriminate. (Peterson, 2001, p5.22) This is evident from the scenario when a person holds a baby of 2-3 months old. It is very unusual if a baby does not cry while being in a person’s custody he is unaware of. Very young infants happily accept comfort from almost anyone who holds, feeds or soothes them. The first social sign of attachment is the time they begin to smile, i.e., 6-8 weeks. By about this age infants also begin to show negative reactions to being separated from people they do not know. Bowlby (1969) described four phases in the development of infant-parent attachments, which depicts the start of a positive relationship: the newborn phase of indiscriminate social responsiveness (months 1 to 2), the phase of discriminating sociability (2 to 7 months), “maintenance of proximity to a discriminated figure by means of locomotion as well as signals”.
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An essay "Infants Social Relationships" reports that the development has a positive influence on the upbringing of an infant, which in the long run becomes a part of his personality. It is through the influence of initial two years, that the baby lives as a confident and bold personality…
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