The United Nations estimates that 4 million people are trafficked each year resulting in $7 billion in profits to criminal groups. Many countries have weak, unenforced or no laws against trafficking in human beings, often making it less risky and more profitable to criminal groups than drug or arms trafficking. With increased economic globalization, trafficking in women from poor to wealthier countries appears to be on the rise. Trafficking networks may recruit and transport women legally or illegally for slavery-like work, including forced prostitution, sweatshop labor, and exploitative domestic servitude In 2000 the United Nations adopted the Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime, also called the Palermo Convention and two Palermo protocols. Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children and Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air. All these instruments contain elements of the current international law on trafficking in human beings. An additional objective of the Protocol is to protect and assist the victims of trafficking in persons with full respect for their human rights
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