It could be well argued that not all work is bad for children but if they are engaged in work depriving their education and other activities which are needed for their development, or if it involves working in hazardous situations and conditions as well as domestic labor, then it could well be taken as child exploitation. Children are employed everywhere but invisible, toiling as domestic servants, working in plantations and in workshops If a child who has matured enough willingly takes up part time jobs like delivering newspapers or working in a restaurant without compromising school, in order to become more responsible and earn some money, it would not fit under child labor. Doing a suitable job would give the child an exposure to the outside world. At the same time if children of a very young age are forced, due to the poverty status of their family, to take up jobs which are hazardous, illegal and exploitive in nature are considered as child labor. Such works include bonded labor, use of children in armed conflict, prostitution, working in mines and other hazardous industries.
If an analysis is done on what could be the one important reason for child labor, it would undoubtedly prove to be poverty. In many cases, the family would have an irresponsible father and since the mother cannot go to work, the older child is sent for such mean jobs. Child labor might seem to be justified from the point of view of such a poverty stricken family which is striving hard to make both ends meet and live.