It further has a broken chain lying down at her feet. The statue clearly represents the values by which the United States culture is guided i.e. freedom. Beside the statue representing an icon of freedom the torch holds a symbol of enlightenment. The Statue of Liberty represents freedom to the people world wife. Each feature of this statue was designed to give a specific symbolism. The torch of statue lights the way to the freedom showing the citizens of USA the path to Liberty. Even the statue's official name embarks a clear indication of its underlying values "Liberty Enlightening the World". The Statue's replacement torch that was added in 1986 is made up of copper flame covered in about 24K gold. It is a reflective of the sun's rays in day time and lighted by almost 16 floodlights at night. The original torch had been removed in 1984 which is since then inside the lobby of the monument. The statue's crown along with its seven spikes has meaning different from other parts in the statue. According to National Park Service, the crown is evident of symbolizing a radiant halo. The seven spikes, or the rays, represent the seven seas along with the seven continents of the world. (What Do the great Seven Spikes on the Liberty's Crown Represent? in eHow) The Americans had adopted the Statue of Liberty as their national symbol in many ways, this covers putting it on the World War I as Liberty Bond notes. In the starting, Emma Lazarus wrote it as the poem, "The New Colossus," where she called the Statue of Liberty as the "Mother of Exiles." (In fact the Bartholdi modeled this face of statue after his own mother.) This poem was there inscribed in bronze year1903 and can still be seen at the Statue Museum. The origin of great Statue of Liberty project can generally be trace back to a comment made by French law professor and the politician Edouard Rene de Laboulaye in mid 1865. In the after dinner conversation at his place near Versailles, Laboulaye, one ardent supporter of Union in the American Civil War, said, "If a monument could rise in the United States, as one of the memorial to this independence, I think it could only be if it were built by the united efforts that is a common work of both the nations."(Harris 1995 p.7) The Statue of Liberty was actually designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi to commemorate the 100th anniversary of American Declaration of Independence. This was first proposed as the gift from France to the United States by Mr. Edouard-Rene Lefebvre de Laboulaye in year 1865. France had agreed building the statue, shipping it to New York and installing it. The United States on the other agreed to build and finance pedestal, which was designed by Mr. Richard Morris Hunt. (Meaning of the Statue of Liberty) The Statue of Liberty was finally constructed in France. This was the time of war improved political stability along with recovering post war economy. Bartholdi was very enthusiastic and excited about the idea. However, the France government of Emperor Napoleon III (the Napoleon Bonaparte’s nephew) was manifestly hostile to the democratic along with republican ideals celebrated by this Statue of Liberty. The times were such that if Bartholdi had not kept his profile low he could have been jail. Though, there was much enthusiasm but funds rising were not so easy, this was also
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Cultural Artifacts –Statue of Liberty Outline 1. Introduction 2. PART 1 3. PART2 4. Work Cited Statue of Liberty The best cultural artifact to represent the United States culture today is the Statue of Liberty. The statue of liberty is a colossal neo-classical sculpture on the Liberty Island which is in New York Harbor…
“The mountainous terrain compartmentalized the country into separate population centres, while the rough terrain placed a great economic importance on the few rich farming plains (Sacks, Murray & Brody p 140). Being close to the Tyrrhenian Sea, Rome experiences a Mediterranean climate.
After the fall, Latin continued to exist in both spoken and literary forms. For a long time, it was the main everyday language of the peoples of the former Empire, but, over the years, it was more and more affected by of local dialects. Gradually, in some areas of Europe, languages became so different that it was possible to suggest formation of some new national languages. But the literary form of Latin did not fully disappear, existing in parallel with the new national languages (Farrell, 2001).
Africa and Asia both consisted of many western-controlled colonies. Many of these colonies remained under British control for hundreds of years and therefore it is logical to expect a certain amount of syncretism to have naturally occurred. Yet it is observed that Africa experienced a considerably more significant level of syncretism, particularly culturally, while the westerners faced resistance to this change in Asian countries such as India and China.
There is a threat to their cultural identities which can possibly be completely forgotten if the influenced is not recognized in the long run. Moreover, there can be an inauguration of a new culture composed of both non-western and western values. There are several reasons why such an influence is taking place and the main reason is the fact that America is currently the super power.
This often occurred in places where the non-western culture opposed the western culture. Loss of centeredness leads to the weakening of the social, cultural practices and political systems of the non-western society (Schwab, 2010). This confrontation of cultures has led to the suggestions that the sense of centeredness and tradition that has held and defined these indigenous groups and cultures for hundreds of years may disappear.
Cultural experiences are not just a political contest, but also an assemblage of ideologies and practices, social economic or historical that is beyond the confines of language and demarcated national boundaries. One of the best examples may be drawn from the fierce nostalgia that characters in Amitav Ghosh's novel "The Shadow Lines" (1988) experience, with their constant fight against the Diasporic detachment with Dhaka, when a crude border drawn with the 1947 Bengal Partition made Hindus leave East Bengal for good.
such scenario when the role of media has become so important in the society that it can create positive or negative image of people, company, party or any specific group, member of different segment of society try to have as much association and control over this as possible.