The task of curbing future criminality in the case of young offenders is to a great extent dependant on the identification of causal factors that make a young offender to continue with crime or to relinquish criminal behavior (Savitz et al., 1962). Most of the researches carried on with young offenders have led to the identification of multiple factors that are indicative of a future delinquency. The designing of effective assessment strategies leading to interventions with the young offenders are no doubt, predominantly dependant on the identification of causal factors that constitute the basis of a realistic prediction (Savitz et al., 1962). Adolescence is a phase of life when the young people are more prone to engaging in antisocial behavior. Practice of antisocial behavior during adolescence is the single most important factor in the prediction of criminal behavior in the adulthood. A plethora of research carried on till now has suggested that almost a half or more of juvenile offenders continue with the criminal behavior beyond their teens.
Juvenile recidivism is a serious problem in the United States. On an annual basis, roughly 2.4 million juveniles are charged with criminal offences every year (Wilson, 2011: Online). As per some conservative estimates, roughly 55 percent or more of juvenile offenders who are released get rearrested within a year (Wilson, 2011: Online). In case of urban areas, the rate of juvenile recidivism is estimated to be as high as 76 percent (Wilson, 2011: Online). ...
r 2005, the rate of juvenile recidivism in the State of Washington, in case of boys stood at 77 percent and in the case of girls it stood at 72 percent (Wilson, 2011: Online). In the State of California, the percentage of juvenile delinquents who got rearrested within a year was 74 (Wilson, 2011: Online). In Manhattan, the rate of juvenile recidivism rested at roughly 80 percent (Wilson, 2011: Online). Many experts believe that the statistics pertaining to juvenile recidivism ought to be treated with caution as the law and order authorities are more likely to arrest juvenile offenders whom they already know to have been engaged in similar crimes in the past (Wilson, 2011: Online). Perhaps, if one goes by such warnings, the rate of juvenile recidivism in many states and counties would perhaps be not so high. Still, in a pragmatic context, the statistics pertaining to juvenile recidivism is to some extent a tentative indicator of the extent to which the juveniles have a chance to reoffend once they have been in trouble with the law. Criminal Propensity As already mentioned, adolescence is a period that is usually most susceptible to criminal behavior. Many a times it has been found that the adults given to criminal behavior, do resorted to some type of criminal behavior at some time or other in the adolescent phase of their life (Farrington et al., 1998). A great number of research studies have corroborated the fact that almost 50 percent of the juvenile offenders carry on a criminal bent of mind in the adult stage of their life also (Farrington et al., 1998). Moreover, those juvenile offenders that carry on with an antisocial behavior in their adulthood are more prone to perpetrating serious and violent crimes (Farrington et al., 1998). Thus the timely identification of