However, at different times and in a wide variety of societies, people have had different ideas about crime. Thus an act that is considered a crime in one society or country may be legal in another. For example, in some countries, people are free to practice any religion they choose, whereas in some other countries it may be a crime to practice certain religions.
This category comprises a large number of followers. They place reasons for delinquent behavior in economic, cultural and social backgrounds of the criminals. Some of the prominent theories in this context were labeling, Marxist, and anomie.
According to these theories, criminal behavior exhibits an abnormal and unusual behavior which can only be evaluated through prescribed processes of psychology. Two prominent theories in this connection are social learning theory and psychoanalytic theory. (Hog and Andrews, p.8-9)
The psychopaths are ethically decadent persons who have been symbolized as monsters in our social set up. They are characterized as inexorable, relentless and not curable criminals. They commit planned violence and are unemotional and resolute. David T. Lykken, a professor of psychology considers the psychopath as a hero and believes that “The psychopath and the hero are the twigs of the same branch.” He thinks so as both are comparatively daring. He believes such behaviors develop as a result of the type of brought up given to a child by his parents. (Akers and Lanier, p. 397-402)
Parents who believe in punishments tend to develop a sociopath but there are children who are not scared of punishments so nothing can obstruct them from negative acts which gradually turn into crimes. Conversely, the parents who believe in love and patience rear up a hero. It means the same child becomes a hero or a psychopath because of his parent’s behavior.