Lower fertility as it is seen in urban environments may be due to volatility in the marital situation and adaptation to urban contraception availability. Women have access to family planning services that might not be available in rural envirnments, thus allowing for more Therefore, the urban setting will increase the quality of life of a migrant from a rural area, thus increasing their overall life experience. It is likely that the number of children delivered by migrants will decrease once moved into an urban environment, thus lowering the population of a specific sub-culture as a whole. However, subcultures begin to shape an urban environment as they congregate together, creating community spaces of like cultural traditions. Cities are “territorial manifestations of market forces”, as they attract individuals who live in areas where there are fewer infrastructural advantages to the centralized area where more services are available (Bilborrow 45). Immigration will create a relevant outflow of migration from a city as wages become lower in relationship to the willingness of immigrants to accept a lower wage in relationship to their former wage experiences. Lower wages are more acceptable when an originating location had lower wages and the immigrant is motivated towards an upward climb, where the native is motivated to move past the lower wage rate (Bovarsson and Vandenberg. 160). In relationship to this concept of different terms of expectations is the continuation of that sense of ’otherness’ that divides the different communities within a city. Local policies must be shaped to recognize ’otherness’, as the ’host-stranger’ dynamic becomes a recognized shift towards a multiplicity in the number of cultures that represent the population of a city. Policy makers have to associate their local policies in relationship to ’otherness’ with an understanding of the impact that multi-variance in cultures and communities have specified differences in needs. Therefore, not only will migrants shape a city, but a city will shape the migrants, creating social structures in which they must conform, but the migrants designating locations in which their traditions are prevalent. Migration to a city will shape the nature of a cultural group, their population, health, and education affected by location. Migrants will affect a city as they require policies and infrastructure that caters to their needs as well as define their neighborhoods. Urban Regeneration The reasons for the urban decline can be defined by “the restructuring of employment within cities has arisen from the introduction of increasingly flexible and deregulated labor markets, together with global competitiveness and technological innovation”, “globalization…led to a reordering of the significance of cities, and new patterns of spatial relationship between areas of exclusivity and areas of exclusion” and “issues of urban governance” as they relate to “traditional models of urban government” in a shifting world of new models that change the nature of funding and authority (Alexander 1). Using the UK as an example, heavy increases in poverty was seen throughout the United
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“Migration, Globalisation and Urban Regeneration Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/38343-migration-globalisation-and-urban-regeneration.
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