In Marx’s own terminology, they are called the “Ruling Class” and their power resides in their economic capability which allows them to dominate over other structural aspects of the society such as the political arena or even the ideological sphere without necessarily bending over to the demands or influences of the general public. Another prominent and useful working definition of power was spearheaded by Max Weber where he demonstrated the subject matter at hand as the ability of agent “A” to make agent “B” yield to something the latter does not want or refuse to do. Hence, power is exercised and made concrete by agent “A” who had directly influenced the decision of agent “B” to serve his own purpose. In the theories abovementioned, power requires a kind of relationship where there exists an entity who displays an observable and concrete behavior of being able to manipulate the entity who is subjected to this same manipulation. In the dialectics of power, this kind of conception is labeled as the first dimension of power by which the analysis centers on the observable conflicts of interests and its actors who would claim victory by having its interests prevail over the matter and the losers who would yield to the victor’s scheme. ...
Even the subjugated is also able to exercise this kind of power by means of manipulating a situation that would generate only the kind of results that are deemed “safe” or “acceptable”. Hence, the dominant’s power is not necessarily outwardly challenged and therefore will not create a substantial external conflict. A case in point is how powerful individuals are able to sensor off information that may adversely affect their interests. Hence, they are able to get a hold of their won dominance without necessarily invoking an outward conflict while at the same time getting the opponent and/or the subjugated to adhere to his/her cause. By filtering this relevant but unsafe information, he is able to ensure for himself the benefit of the end-result. Dominance is therefore maintained; and this is achieved by exercising power through manipulation of the decision process, and not necessarily the manipulation of the people involved. A more elaborate and contemporary theory of power emerged in the 1980s by the authorship of Steven Luke. In his book “Power: A Radical View”, he argues that the first and second dimensions are not sufficient to analyze power. He claims that there is an underlying third dimension of power which is more subtle than the first two. His theory is valued because he was able to challenge the predominant belief that power is only measurable by observable and concrete behaviors. At the same time, his position was also able to uphold the validity and truth of the two preceding theories. Luke begins with a premise that people are generally subjected to different kinds of domination. And whether people like to accept this fact or not, we are at some point naturally pre-programmed into accepting some kind of dominations without any
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