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Sociology - Essay Example

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There are many people who excelled in it and all of them had different views regarding the humanity. One of the most popular sociologists of his time was Karl Marx. Like all he used the basic framework designed by the earlier sociologists. Karl examined each topic from micro to macro issues. To do this he used three perspectives; symbolic interaction, functionalism and conflict theory. These are the basic perspectives or paradigms used by all sociologists and of course Karl Marx to study different things in sociology. The symbolic interactionist perspective, also known as symbolic interactionism, directs sociologists to believe the symbols and details of daily life, what these symbols signify, and how people interact with each other. According to the symbolic interactionist perspective, people connect meanings to symbols, and then they take action according to their biased explanation of these symbols. Oral conversations, in which spoken words provide as the major symbols, make this subjective interpretation particularly apparent. The words have a sure importance for the “sender,” and, during successful communication, they optimistically have the same importance for the “receiver.” According to the functionalist perspective, also called functionalism, each feature of society is mutually dependent and adds to society's operation as a whole. The government, or state, gives education for the children of the family, which consecutively pays taxes on which the state depends to keep itself running. That is, the family is reliant upon the school to help children develop to have good jobs so that they can rise and hold up their own families. In the process, the children turn out to be obedient, taxpaying citizens, who in turn hold up the state. If all goes well, the parts of society craft order, steadiness, and efficiency. If all does not go well, the parts of society then must acclimatize to recall a new order, stability, and productivity. For example, during a financial downturn with its high rates of unemployment and inflation, social programs are cut. Schools present fewer programs. Families constrict their budgets. And a new social order, stability, and productivity occur. Conflict perspective focuses on the unenthusiastic and conflicted nature of society. Contrasting functionalists, who preserve the status quo, shun social change, and suppose people cooperate to achieve social order, conflict theorists defy the status quo, cheer social change (even when this means social revolution). Conflict theorists, for example, may take a “privileged” board of regents raising instruction to pay for obscure new programs that increase the status of a local college as expedient rather than as beneficial for students. Karl Marx used this framework to give his perspective to highlight different topics in the society. Marx was very strict considering the class conflict. He was not satisfied with the way the capitalists treated the labor and being a conflict theorist he encouraged people to go against these capitalist ideas. He referred to the capitalists as Bourgeoisie and the masses of workers as Proletariat. Marx believed that the capitalists exploited the workers using their need to their advantage. As he said “It (the bourgeoisie) has converted the physician, the lawyer, the priest, the poet, the man of science into its paid wage laborers” ...Show more
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Customer Inserts His/her Name Customer Inserts Customer Inserts Grade Course Writer Inserts Date Here (Day, Month, Year) Sociology   Sociology is the study of the general public who are in persistent relation with each other. In sociology, sociological perspectives and theories are intricate models that help examine and clarify the substance of social study…
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