This paper approves that food, along with all the variable relating to the health and wellness of prisoners, is part of the responsibility of the state. Incarcerated individuals are being deprived of their freedom along with other rights that render them incapable of fending for themselves. This is in addition to the fact that food is necessary for survival and acceptable degree of well-being. It is sheer barbarism to say that bad and unhealthy food should part of their punishment as well. Having been convicted of crime does not deprive inmates of the right to live healthy and with dignity. Clearly, and as has been cited previously, the most significant impact of unhealthy food on prisoners is its adverse effect on health. In ordinary circumstance, it could lead to malnutrition and in its most extreme, it can be fatal. Unfortunately, insufficient nutritional content results to the retardation of physical and mental development. This is particularly significant when the differences in the nutritional needs of people come into play. For example, a pregnant prisoner or those engaged in hard physical labor require healthier and more nourishing diet.
This essay makes a conclusion that the increasing number of prisoners in the American penal system is straining the institutional budget. There is no possible alternative, hence, than the additional budget allocation for correctional facilities. Or, as has been cited elsewhere in this paper, there should be an increase in law enforcement measures. But this move, in itself, would require additional costs as well. The government can harp about budget deficits and financial woes but these are not excuses to let prisoners go hungry, rot in malnutrition and die just because they cannot do something about it.