According to the study vague in definition, the broad patterns of culture are observed within the makeup and function of societies. These pattern configurations are the basis of cultural differences that distinguishes and authenticates particular groups of individuals. A pioneer of American anthropology, Alfred Kroeber asserts that these patterns within culture are simply arrangements of interdependent systems of internal relationships which serve to give any culture its coherent definition and are what seem to be the most productive in terms of distinguishing and formulating culture. What distinguish culture from society as a whole are the learned and shared concepts of culture found in its concept of customs and beliefs.
This discussion outlines that at a reductionist level of culture lie the individuals who give meaning to culture and whose identity in turn is built upon the cultural constructionism of these cultural patterns. In terms of the traditional patterns of culture observed within society, the elements of ethnicity, race, class, and gender appear to be the most contemporarily prominent. Although these patterns of culture are transient, they have become a crux in the identification of cultural groups across human society. As such, the relative translation of these patterns across groups serves as a form of imprinted identification accessed by the individual in order to self-identify and influence their roles in society. It is also important to point out that such definitions of ethnicity, class, race, and gender are invalid empirically and are only social constructs that are used superficially to define groups and those within it.