Additionally, their social and cultural patterns including socioeconomic status, life style, recreational activities and sexual orientations are also different from one another. Since a complex society carries the individuals having interests, aptitudes and activities quite different from one another, the individuals are either confined to their personal and private activities or remain only professionally in-contact with other members of society. Consequently, the ray of alienation could easily be explored in a complex social establishment.
Sociologist theorists have defined certain reasons behind the changes taking place, which actually, according to them, are the outcome of the positive transformation in the knowledge, wisdom, information flow, mental capabilities, vision and exposure of the individuals living in a social structure. Nineteenth century French theorist and the father of Sociology Auguste Comte views flow of knowledge as the most effective way that introduces reforms in a complex society. Based upon his famous theory of Positivism, Comte is of the opinion that human societies experience evolutionary process from traditional to complex phases; traditional or theological societies maintain belief in God without analyzing the nature and scope of religion. Hence, theological societies are traditional in nature, where people blindly imitate the religious beliefs in their individual and collective life and declare their faith as the principal law of society. Somehow, during the second phase of evolution, which he declares as metaphysical, knowledge and learning observe uplift and popularity in society, and people start investigating the realities behind the myths prevailing in society. (Ritzer, 2003) Thus, society is still in the evolutionary process, and has not become complex in nature due to the very fact that people are still leading traditional life, where economic activities are generally relied upon agriculture, trade and commerce.