n be implemented by educators, by an independent school based body or by curriculum modification along with proper performance evaluations (Hallinan, 2006 ).
School Reforms constitute programs and policies which will change procedures that will affect the school’s operation. Educational and School Reforms or renewals can be considered as a step towards change. It should be strictly noted that school reform, renewal and restructuring do not involve altering the school’s organization. School Reforms can be divided into two categories: First category comprises of the school’s subject matter and teaching methods. Second category includes reforms related to school administration and governance procedures. The reforms which are included in this section include managing the role of teacher and administrators (Hallinan, 2006 ).
The educational history holds a focal point in Canadian’s social and political history timeline. During the 17th century in Canada education was merely considered just an informal process through which skills and values were transferred from parents to their children, relatives and older siblings. After the passage of hundred years the informal learning process was recognized through provincial governments. At this point in time collective public funds were spent on school system in Canada as compared to any other country. During French regime in Canada, the process of learning was incorporated into daily activities. Youngsters were taught skills such as gardening, spinning, land clearing, trade procedures etc. Formal education of females was limited and it was not extended beyond religious education and the art of needlework. The various provinces in Canada had educational system based on religion which were later abolished the government (Bettina Bradbury, 2005).
During the 18th and early 19th century, British government looked into the formal education system as a mean for promoting cultural identification and English language along