e, drug abuse or bad investments, lack of compassion i.e., people and institutions having adequate resources but are unwilling to lend a hand to help the poor and lack of educational opportunities.
Cultural factors like attitudes, beliefs, values and practices can lead to a ‘culture of poverty’ that tends to perpetuate itself over time even if the structural conditions that originally gave rise to it were to change. A family history of poverty is one of the root causes of widespread poverty. Poor children are often victims of poor parenting skills and physical, emotional and sexual abuse which they often pass down along with other unhealthy practices like drug and alcohol abuse and to their children once they become parents. Poor self esteem and feelings of apathy can also contribute to poverty. In some cultures, all people live in poverty since something better is not easily attainable.
Social issues that perpetuate poverty include factors like racial discrimination which can occur by contract or by contact (Susan, 2011). Racial discrimination by contract refers to the racially discriminatory treatment that people experience when trying to access opportunities such as quality education or jobs. Racial discrimination by contact refers to the way in which people segregate themselves by choosing to interact only with those from their same racial group. Other social factors that affect poverty include sex discrimination and unequal access to opportunities. Women have been found to earn lesser pay or have smaller pensions when compared to men. Again, the level of poverty has been found to be higher in rural areas which have lower degree of urbanization and scare educational and employment opportunities.
Poverty can be eliminated by generating more employment, raising the level of minimum education and making the social elite aware of the possibility of removing it. The government can be presented with concrete programs that will indirectly eliminate poverty like