ater Congoes (freed slaves from ships carrying illegal slaves from the Congo basin to the Americas after slavery was abolished in the 1800s) formed the ruling elite which as always been about 5% of the nations population (Williams, 2002).
With this trend, Liberia was developed with little regards for the native population who were seen as a lower class. The ruling elite of Americo-Liberians used their links with the United States to build a prosperous nation from the 1800s to the 20th Century. Liberia became a nation where there was economic growth without development.
After a total of 133 years of Americo-Liberian control, little was done by way of providing education, infrastructure and social services for the masses of Liberia. They were kept in servitude as farmers and laborers whilst the Americo-Liberian ruling class accustomed themselves to world class wealth and luxury.
In 1980, a group of junior army officers staged a coup detat that ousted the ruling elite. Sergeant Doe, who was the leader of the coup created a safe haven for his Krahn tribesmen and suppressed the interests of the other native Liberian tribes as well as the Americo-Liberian class. In his bid to enhance his tribes interest, Sergeant Doe appointed incompetent leaders who mismanaged the economy and abused human rights. However, with US support for the Doe administration, it continued to remain in power until a Libyan supported guerrilla uprising began in 1989, led by Charles Taylor.
The uprising was plagued by division and other complications that caused Liberia to plunge into civil war until 1997, where temporary peace was attained. However, after a period of military disturbances in the early 2000s, a new democratic government was formed in 2005 under the leadership of Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf.
In the bid to rebuild Liberia, the Johnson-Sirleaf administration has put in place so many measures to ensure rapid development. In spite of all the efforts, the nation is still faced with harsh