The other aspect of a yearning for social identity is the merging of individual and ethnic identities into a larger national identity to give way to cohesiveness and cooperation. The post independence India and Singapore are apt examples of this aspect of social identity. People do tend to aspire for group memberships to look for mechanisms to bolster the individual and collective self esteem. However, sometimes mere group affiliations are in themselves not sufficient to strengthen their self esteem. Under such situations, people do aspire to think and establish that they are in just the right group by giving way to positive distinctions from other groups. Assumption of an umbrella national identity, over regional and ethnic identities is one such way in which the social identity theory is utilized to give way to a pan national cohesiveness. As per the social identity theory, an individual is not merely endowed with a single self, but rather many selves that share boundaries with varied circles representing group memberships. As to which personal self and individual intensely relates to depends on a specific context which encourages or stimulates an individual to think in terms of family, ethnic or national level of self (Tajfel & Turner 117). For instance, deep personal loss or trauma may motivate an individual to think in terms of family level of self. Instances of social prejudice and ethnic discrimination may encourage an individual to opt for an ethnic level of self.
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(“Social and National Identity in the American South Essay - 1”, n.d.)
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(Social and National Identity in the American South Essay - 1)
“Social and National Identity in the American South Essay - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/453403-social-and-national-identity.
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