People from all over the world have been affected by drastic effects of changes in the contemporary environment. The impact of these environmental changes has been so unexpected and severe that scholars, scientists and environmentalists are alarmed at possible repercussions to future generations. The environmental history timeline reveals that monitoring changes in the environment have originated from ancient times, more than 60,000 years ago, as information is still being continually collated and updated by William Kovarik, a professor from the Radford University (Kovarik, 2001). In this regard, the essay aims to proffer issues pertinent to work and life experiences explaining the impact of human activity on global environmental change. The discourse would initially present an overview of global environmental change in general; prior to expounding on the identified factors that have been instrumental in environmental changes in contemporary times. Finally, from the review of relevant literatures on the subject, highlights would be presented to identify the effects of GEC and form the recommendations on how government and international agencies plan to address global environmental change to plan for the future. Global environmental change is hereby examined to propose measures to best prepare mankind through increased awareness of crucial factors for unexpected environmental events.
The Global Environment Change and Food Systems (GECFS) website defined global environmental change (GEC) as “changes in the physical and biogeochemical environment, either caused naturally or influenced by human activities such as deforestation, fossil fuel consumption, urbanisation, land reclamation, agricultural intensification, freshwater extraction, fisheries over-exploitation and waste production” (Global Environmental Change and Food Systems (GECFS), N.D., p. 1).
The extensive scope of GEC has