Symbols are how a culture represents reality. An example of this is how, at one time in English history, overweight people were seen as more attractive because it represented a higher social status. Today, however, a slimmer body is a symbol for physical attractiveness.Values are a culture’s ideas of what is good, fair, right, and so on. Before the Industrial Revolution, European culture valued agriculture as the means toward economic prosperity. Over time, however, the culture reevaluated this and soon accepted industry as the way to raise living standards.Language is verbal and written representations of the world. There are numerous examples in which words’ connotations (cultural meanings) differ from their denotations (definition meanings). Eventually, these denotations collapse and give way to the culturally dominant ways of using the term (such as in “selfishness”).Norms are tacit rules and expectations for a culture. In America, it is customary to maintain direct eye contact when conversing. In Asia, it is out of politeness and respect that people look away. However, as cultures begin to merge, these norms begin to fade away and individuals must rethink their behaviors based on their specific context.2. Sociology is, broadly, the study of society in general. It qualifies as a social science insofar as it applies empirical investigation and critical thinking to the development of a body of knowledge about human societies.Meanwhile, a fundamentalist might describe the event as morally righteous and symbolic.