For one to better understand exactly what culture is, it is important for them to take a closer look at its characteristics or features. All that man acquires in the course of his social life is included in culture and thus separates him from the lower animals (Austin-Broos, 1987, p.21).
Even though there are those individuals who may tend to believe that culture is inborn it is not. Culture is generally learned and is more often than not referred to as learned ways of behavior (Eagleton, 2000, p.11). Culture is also not something that is possessed by just an individual but is actually shared by a group of individuals for instance values, morals, beliefs and traditions. Another characteristic that culture has is the fact that it is different from one society to the next. Cultures tend not to be uniform and vary from time to time. In addition, culture not only guides but it also determines a number of activities where man is concerned (Austin-Broos, 1987, p.22). It is thus considered a process through which man achieve satisfaction of his wants.
This essay will specifically take a look at two articles by Eagleton, T (2000) and Austin-Broos, D. (1987) where it will compare and contrast what these two authors are trying to bring forth to their intended readers.
There exists two different components where culture is concerned that is material for instance everything that is fashioned, transformed or made by man in society and non-material such as beliefs, dance, music, attitudes and ideas (Eagleton, 2000, p.12). It is important for any given society to possess culture as the community tends to gain a personality as well as a characteristic of its own due to the culture of its individuals. Culture is considered a bond tying the individuals of a given region or society together (Austin-Broos, 1987, p.23). It is also a system of social control as people shape their behavior and