In the United States of America, Census Bureau found a significant increase in the rate of poverty. “The report said the percentage of Americans living below the poverty line last year, 15.1 percent, was the highest level since 1993” (Tavernise, 2011).
In the United States of America, people usually face three major categories of poverty, which include extreme poverty, relative poverty, and moderate poverty. If we talk about extreme poverty, we can say that people in the condition of extreme poverty are the poorest people living in any part of the world who earn less than or equal to 1 dollar per day. On the other hand, people in moderate poverty are somewhat in better condition. Harrack (2010) states, “People in moderate poverty generally have access to the basic necessities of life, but they do not have much if any disposable income beyond that”.
The U.S. sociologists refer social class to economic position or social status of a person. The economic position indicates the social category of a person. Those people who are stable financially lie into the category of privileged social class whereas people having no proper source of income lie into the category of deprived or poor social class. Shah (2011) states, “Problems of hunger, malnutrition and disease afflict the poorest in society”. The deprived or poor social class is the one, which is adversely affected by poverty. Such people do not get proper jobs, which can earn them high amounts of money. It is their poor condition of life, which makes them use illegal ways, such as, drug trafficking and crimes to earn money.
The issue of poverty does not seem to be overcome in near future. Poverty existed in the past, still exists due to uneven economic graphs, and is likely to increase in future due to predicted recession. One of the major changes in society due to poverty is the increase in the graph of child labor. It is a fact that poverty drives parents to make their children work. Unstable