The Supreme Court in its ruling on the case depended upon the revised version of the 1957 Act and vacated the judgments of the lower courts. The action was brought against the State of Alabama, Board of Registrars of Alabama and as individual respondents (Buono, 2004).
Since the registrars had been sued in their capacity as registrars the lower court ruled that since they had ceased from their functions in their offices they could not be sued in their official capacities. The lower court held that even if they had still been registrars, the United States had no right to sue them since the board of registrars could not be sued in its capacity as a board of registrars. Similar cases like the American Foundries v. Tri-City Central Trades Council and Reynolds v. United States among others followed the principle that cases that are brought before a court of law should and must be decided by the prevailing law even if they had been decided at an earlier time or in lower courts with another version of the law. The plaintiff alleged that the case of United States v. Alabama ought to be decided upon the principles of the amended 1957 Act against discrimination. The Supreme Court ordered the case to be decided according to the wishes of the plaintiff according to the revised 1957 Act and ordered the District Court to hear the court. The ruling of the court was made in view of certain amendments.
According to the Section one of the Fifteenth amendment of the constitution, it is unlawful to deprive any citizen of the United States the rights to universal suffrage because of race color or prior servitude conditions by either denial or abridgment of the law. Section 42 of the US Constitution stipulates that all American citizens who have the required qualifications that would entitle them to suffrage in any of the elections whether national state or county, will