Sociologists define gender inequalities as to the difference in status, prestige and power that women and men hold in groups, collectivities and in society at large. Thus, in examining gender inequality issues such as access to valuable resources need to be considered. (Giddens, 2006, p 468)
Functionalists’ theorists view on gender inequality
Functionalists’ theorists hold the view that gender inequality in society in terms of the division of labor between men and women is biologically based. Thus, men and women perform tasks that they feel they are biologically suited to. George Murdock an anthropologist concludes in her survey that sexual division of labour exists in all societies and thus sees it as both convenient and practical for women to concentrate on domestic and family roles. Talcolt Persons, a functionalist theorist asserts that the family as a social unit operates best when there is a clear division of labour among the genders with women performing the emotional and expressive role, that is, providing care and security to family and the men performing instrumental roles, that is, being the for family needs. (Giddens, 2006, p 468)
Conflicts theories view on gender inequality
Conflicts theories ideas on inequality are found in ideologies of to Karl Max and Fredrich Engels who viewed the cause of domination of women by men, as being rooted in class inequality. According to Engel, men gained control over women during the traditional subsistence days when societies produced more produce than required for family use. As a result of the surplus production, men gained control of the economic surplus. The male gender came up with strategies to ensure the dominance continued. The male gender devised two methods.