From the viewpoint of a teacher, analyzing the provision of the No Child Left behind Act is not an answer to reduce the rate of drop out among high school students but rather made the situation worst. The provisions of the No Child Left behind Act which states that schools should administer a standard test on a yearly basis is one of the aspect teachers mostly do not agree with. The Act is identified as one of the main culprit high school students drop out in the middle of the school year. In the study by Walden and Kritsonis (2005), they identified that dropout rates among minority students involving African American populace studying in school with exit exam have alarming rates. This is because the test serves as an identifier who is going to get his/her diploma. In situations where students fail the test, they are labeled as poor performers or “in need of improvement”. Such label is doing injustice to both the students and teachers because a single test discriminates them despite good grades and excellent teaching of the teachers. The labeling is difficult to break thus students drop before the school year ends to get rid of being labeled. Teachers also encourage the poor performers to take other steps to avoid taking and failing the test. Since, it was observed that children from African American descent have generally shown poor academic performance than Caucasian descent, they are the target population of this act. It was evident that 71% of African Americans go to high minority schools and 72% of children from this community go to high poverty schools. Standardized assessment markings show that reading and mathematical proficiencies of African Americans are considerably lower than that of their White counterparts. African American children manage to score about one fourth of what White Americans score. This results into high dropout rates among African Americans, particularly the males. (Knaus, 2007) However, schools that have 40% or less minority students are doing far better than those which have 75% or more minority students. The statistical results obtained consequent to the NCLB Act clearly show that African Americans are lagging behind mainly due to the problems of the system (Knaus, 2007) such as the lack of the system’s approach in targeting the wrong goal. Although, the main purpose of the No child left behind Act is to eliminate the existing discrepancies of the US educational system (Owens & Sunderman (2006), it is observed that the Act is only treating the symptoms but not the main cause of the problem which is poverty. This is obvious in the study by Lowe and Kantor (2006) where they indicated that equality in economic and social support among whites, blacks, and other ethno-cultural groups is more effective than the No child left behind Act. Another problem is the discrepancy in teacher qualification assigned in minority schools. Most teachers who lack the qualification are the ones teaching the minority group. If they are qualified, they do not teach their specialization resulting in mismatch learning needs of the students. On the side of the teachers, this strips them of their ability to show their best and to develop their talent. Along this line, it
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No Child Left Behind Act and its Effect on High School Dropout Rates: A Policy Analysis SOCW 3420-01: Social Policy and Community Resources Carmen Jones-Wilder October 25, 2011 No Child Left behind Act and its Effect to High School Dropout Rates Introduction It cannot be denied that millions of high school students drop at the middle of the school year across United States (CNN, 2009) which alerted experts…
In order to make their roles effective, it is important for the Act to be effective in terms of assisting in the achievements of students. It is important to understand the underlying implication of exclusion, which is brought about by the programs where ultimately the challenged students need to drop out.
However, in realization that the educational standard of the US is struggling to be at par with its international competitors, politicians have held certain assumptions as follows: • Students are unmotivated and need more immediate consequences tied to their learning.
Teachers and school staff have also been affected. This law has changed the previous manner in which money was delegated for educational purposes. Whether or not the impact of this law has been positive or negative is a controversial subject. The law was intended to improve academic performance.
Inclusive education generally includes the educational approach and philosophy which targets at the provision of the all the students with community membership and wider opportunities for the achievement of the academic as well as social up gradation. Inclusion principle generates an environment in which all the students can feel themselves welcome and fulfill their unique needs and styles of learning to be valued as well as judged judiciously (The Promise of Inclusive Education, 2012).
As the report declares the act was a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that was first legislated in 1965 and then reauthorized in 1994. The state of education has been a matter of grave concern since last several years and the NCLB Act was promulgated to expand the federal role at improving the educational standards.
The program, among other things is aimed at helping disadvantaged students get quality education. The program basically involves government funding of schools in different states as long as they (the states) develop assessments and apply them to all students at specific grade levels.
As the NCLB enacts the theories of standards-based education reform which emphasizes the implications of setting high standards and establishing measurable goals, it can bring about fundamental changes in the learning outcomes of the students. According to this act, "states will be required to implement standards-based assessments in reading and mathematics for pupils in each of the grades 3-8" (Olivert, 2007, p 2).
The author proposes to make the program effective with the help of the government of the US and apply this on a broader scale at national, state and local levels. He thinks that the measure like the lean management techniques can be implemented in order to develop the culture of lean management in all education systems.
Test anxiety expression involves three processes; individual’s physiology, cognition and the way of conduct. Physiological reactions may be comprised of increase in heart beat and blood pumping, cognition may include stigma from the society and behavior may include
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