This led her into historical research on the issue of gender structure and race in the structural makeup of the local labor markets and hitherto consequences of the American labor market on the positions of the workers. This included the forms of resistance/ self-preservation available to them. She has also engaged in the comparative analysis of gender and race in the construction of citizenship and labor across the United States of America.
Her upbringing greatly influenced her critical thinking and perspective of the world, due to her racial background and the situation of the time. In the aftermath of the Pearl Harbor tragedy, her parents were among thousands of other Japanese Americans imprisoned in American internment camps. The war pitted the Axis powers against the Allied forces, with the latter eventually emerging the victors. This shaped the political and philosophical thoughts of the time with Liberalism emerging as the dominant theory of the time. Others that were to subsequently emerge were in one way or the other linked to this thought with some aspects also being borrowed from the other less dominant theory of Realism. Republicanism was to emerge later (Glenn 7).
Liberalism, as a political thought, entails the plurality of actors in the international political arena. These include ‘the State’, ‘Individuals’ and ‘supranational institutions.’ It is of the view that state interactions are not limited to the “Higher politics” – covering all matters vital to the survival of the state, i.e. national and international security; but also to the “Lower politics” – pertaining to economics, culture, religion and other social issues. It is based on the belief in Liberty and equal rights, constitutionalism, free and fair elections, freedom of religion, Capitalism, Human rights and liberal democracy. These ideals