However, the cold war initiated with the success of U.S.S.R and U.S. allies in war against the Nazis. Shortly after Nazi defeat, both U.S and U.S.S.R identified their superiority and posed against each other as major threat.
Political struggle and adversities in the foreign relation between communist nations and U.S had been the main political condition during cold war era. The security interests of both the U.S and communist nations were fragile and vulnerable in this period. The U.S. had an interest to allow free trade among nations but U.S.S.R due to the fear of falling victims to western influence abandoned this trade plan. This aggravated the conflict between U.S and U.S.S.R. The U.S. shortly discovered that Russian expansion in Europe could derail their power and hence decided to support Europe in getting prosperous status. This kind of conflict in economical and political arena of both U.S and Russia led to insecurity among citizens of U.S.
During the cold war era, the protection of human rights and economic and political freedom was the major concern of American government. According to (May, 2010) “At the dawn of the atomic age, protection against external dangers took the form of a nuclear arsenal; protection against internal enemies took the form of a nuclear family”. During cold war era, the international tension elevated due to the nuclear possession by two countries. A Federal Civil Administration service was formulated by Federal government in response to the public anxiety and to defend nuclear threat. The government educated the American citizens about the ways to protect themselves in case of nuclear attack. The urban population was cautioned about survival techniques of nuclear attack as they could be the main target of enemies. A fallout shelter was launched by civil defense as a measure to attend casualties occurred from