In preaching communist values, Joseph Stalin represented a threat to not only the freedom of Americans, but also to the rest of the world. During his tenure as president from 1945 to 1953, President Truman called upon his own diplomatic skills on several occasions, most notably in providing aid to nations and areas being threatened by unwanted communist control, while tirelessly preaching that communism had to be contained, lest it spread and take over the world.
One of the most notable occasions for diplomacy came in 1947. In March, Great Britain informed the United States that it could no longer send aid to Greece (Roskin & Berry, 2011). This was mainly due to their own financial woes after World War II; the country was near bankruptcy and unable to provide any more financial support (Roskin & Berry, 2011). Greece, however, was in the midst of a civil war from communist guerrillas; if the guerrillas were successful, communism would be the form of government in Greece (Roskin & Berry, 2011). This, to the free world, was unacceptable. In addition, Turkey felt pressure when Stalin cancelled a treaty of friendship between the two countries (Davidson & Stoff, 1998). Turkey was not experiencing a civil war; however, it was considered to be vital in strategy in the Mediterranean and the Middle East (Merrill, 2006). It should be added that both nations had suffered during World War II, Greece arguably more so, and the Nazi forces, upon withdrawing, had left a broken, war-torn, used-up country behind (Merrill, 2006). Both requests for aid gave Truman an opportunity to establish his position on Communism before Congress, which he did willingly, stating that Greece and Turkey had called for aid to sustain their free governments, and that the United States must provide it (Truman, 1947). He stated categorically, “I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by