The eligibility for a Welfare Program depends on numerous factors. These factors are gross and net income, size of the family, any crisis situation such as medical emergencies, pregnancy, homelessness or unemployment. The programs which are managed by U.S. Government are primary and secondary education, subsidized college education, unemployment and disability insurance, income subsidies for low age workers, housing subsidies, food stamps, pensions and health insurance programs that cover public employees. The largest and most important entitlement program is the Social Security Program. Currently total social welfare expenditure constitutes 35 % of GDP.
There are many programs established to reduce poverty in the United States of America. Poverty in a country like united state is a challenge especially for children living in poverty. The most significant program designed to reduce poverty was old age pensions provided through social security in 1960. Social Security was an extraordinary social program. At the end of 20th century this program eliminated poverty among elderly. Other programs were also established but they were poorly funded. There are many other programs which were aimed at reducing poverty including “Aid to Families with Dependent Children” or (AFDC). This was a great program which was primarily designed for families with children. AFDC was passed in the 20th century. This program provided funds to single women having children. This program had many drawbacks so it was abandoned. There was also another program designed EITC (Earned Income Tax Credit) which is for the poor working people. Unlike AFDC, this program is for the poor working force whose income is inadequate. AFDC is replaced by another program Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program (TANF). Inspite of all these programs there is still poverty in United States.