Ethnicity on the other hand involves cultural factors, which include beliefs, language, nationality, and culture. The ethnic categorization is influenced by biological inheritance and culture. Therefore, ethnicity can be defined as a cultural heritage of a specific group pf people, which involves their mode of dressing, practices, and language among others.
Needless to say, race and ethnicity can be determinants of social inequality in the society. According to Price and Feinman (2007, p.232), social inequality refers to a scenario that involves differences or lack of equal status or class among individuals in a society. These may include lack of equal education opportunities, inequality in voting rights, housing, transportation and jobs; this is a likely scenario in the British context. Therefore, this paper will compare and contrast race and ethnicity, and the importance of these concepts in understanding social inequality in British society today.
As earlier mentioned, ethnicity comprises of a shared history of a specific group of people such as region, dressing code, and eating habits among others. On the other hand, race involves people who are defined by biological traits of physical characteristics. Therefore, despite these two terms being used interchangeably, they are different; however, they represent people and their differences, culturally and biologically. The main difference between these two terms is the fact that an individual can only belong to one race; however, one can have several ethnic affiliations. Therefore, one cannot decide his race and has no control over it (Andersen and Taylor, 2010).
In addition, no matter where an individual travels, he/she is viewed by his race, which can be offending to certain individuals. For instance, if a British couple adopts an Asian baby, this child will be introduced to the British way of life, hence adopting the British ethnicity, which involves language, traditions, and customs. However,