Research results show that, a 20 year old diagnosed with HIV can expect to stick around for 50 years. Currently, there are promising treatment gains in the horizon since there are nearly 90 different types of medicines in development expected to treat HIV/AIDS (WHO 2-5). This paper will seek to summarize the disease and medicine for last 32 years.
The origin and discovery of HIV and AIDS puzzled many scientists when it first came into light in early 1980s. It bred numerous fierce debates and countless arguments regarding its cause. Documented evidence reveal that the first recognized case of AIDS took place in the United States in the wake of 1980s and entered medical publication records on June 5, 1981. A case study gay community conducted a year later showed the transfer of the disease could be via infectious homosexual contacts (WHO 20). In the same year, discovery showed that the disease originated from Haiti. Upon noticing that the disease was there to stay, organizations started forming in different parts of the globe with America taking the lead.
In 1983, further discoveries showed that the disease was easily transferable through heterosexual contacts as well as infected blood. For the first time, World Health Organization conducted a survey in USA that detected 2,803 cases of HIV in 1983. By the end of that year, the cases raised up to 3,064 will a recorded death toll of 1,292. More research took place in different countries coupled with campaigns, prompted USA center for food and drugs to carry out blood tests in order to determine HIV on a mass scale. With intense campaigns, research, and survey, the fight against the epidemic also intensified with more and more discoveries of antiretroviral vaccines (The White House 32-34). As years surpassed, AIDS became an epidemic known to the world by the end of 1980’s. Scientists and researchers made advanced diagnostic methods such as the oral AIDS testing and resting
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