e key underlying themes of these images which were blatantly promoted by the media, included groups of youths and delinquents, especially from economically disadvantaged minority backgrounds, sporting high-power weaponry and swanky motor-vehicles to execute illegal activities such as drug trafficking, thefts and even murders. Since most of the images portrayed included vulnerable youth, the concept became a cause of public concern, given the exposure of youth to such images (Cummings 257).
The concept of gangs and the precise definition of the same have been researched and debated by authors and scholars alike, with hardly any consensus regarding the same. There has been a dominating presence of youth gangs, as is evident from recorded history (Pitts, Hagedorn). Although the systematic study of the phenomenon and its likely association with mass media portrayal is a relatively recent phenomenon. The concept of youth oriented gangs, initially suffered from definitional ambiguity; since there was no common consensus among the scholars regarding what comprised youth gangs.
The fact that media plays a dominant role in perpetuating stereotypes, and the culture of youth gang violence has been often misrepresented both in print as well as television media. The mass media essentially feeds on stereotypical misrepresentations of cultural phenomenon which are likely to attract widespread public attention, in a bid to sensationalize the issue and gain a wider audience. The topics of youth gangs, hold an aura of mystic appeal which has the capability to capture the imagination of the public, and hence are persistently used by the mass media to incite moral panic (Sheldon et al; Zatz). Such misrepresentations, however untrue, finds large scale acceptance among the audience due to its tendency to sensationalize and glamorize the issue, and is known to have a significant impact and influence on the young minds, since the youth are emotionally volatile and disoriented, to a
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There has been widespread coverage of the issue by academic scholars, sociological researchers as well as by the print and television media,…
Consistent with that delineation, most investigations have concentrated on time span of gang engagement and have not delved into time span before and after gang association. Bаckground Throughout history we as pеoplе of Unitеd Stаtеs hаvе sееn mаny sociаl problеms аrisе from Grеаt Dеprеssion of 1930's in civil rights movеmеnt in 1960.
There are many cases of deadly occurrences of juvenile aggression among all social classes and races. Harmful drugs and unconstructive youth gangs have extended to every facet of the society. Although there are metal detector systems in the entries of schools and campuses, estimates indicate that 28% of boys in America come to school daily equipped with knives, guns, and other hazardous gadgets for their own defense (Hattal & Hattal, 2002).
The author states that a gang should be understood as a spontaneously forming group that is not attached to any specific part of society. A more recent definition of gangs views the latter as groups that consist of individuals who recurrently associate and are subject to identifiable organization in leadership and internal matters.
There has been widespread coverage of the issue by academic scholars, sociological researchers as well as by the print and television media, regarding the increasing incidences of among the youth, and the possible causes behind the same. The use of gangs and their dramatic portrayal in the mass media gained widespread media attention during the early 1980s, sparking nation-wide debates and curiosity, at the same time.
Street gangs keep on getting larger as many young people and adults join because of poverty or by being forced. These gangs have become very influential in some parts of the world. A region may have more than one street gang, which fight against each other to gain influence and power.
ed that one cannot generalize with confidence from the impact of mass media violence in the laboratory to the impact of mass media violence in the real world” (Phillips, 567). The reports are produced in a manner similar to legal briefs, and a lawyer can argue either side of
quate number of delinquent occurrences to call forward the reliable contradictory answer from district inhabitants and/or regulation enforcement agencies (Giordano 126–132). Consistent with that delineation, most investigations have concentrated on time span of gang engagement
As it was stated by the National Youth Gang Center, gang membership across the United States is more than 700, 000 (National Youth Gang Center, 2002). But what is a gang? What are the origins and history of gangs? What are gang activities and behavior?