The approaches endeavour to change the traditional way of doing things that many social work environment embraces. The people behind the campaigns of the anti-oppression seek to combat and diminish the unfair and imbalanced treatment of the social workers.
Whenever there is lack of communication between the power and the workers, problems sets in the social work places. However, the fight against oppression is a futile effort without critical understanding of power and relations in the social work. First, paper will describe the theory of authority and its relations in the social work environment. Second, the paper will look at the approaches that the campaigners of anti-oppression use to harmonise the relationships of those in authority and social workers. Third, the paper analyses the effectiveness of anti-oppressive strategies to yield good.
Power is a socially constructed dynamic that fluctuates according to different factors in the social work environment. The policies that the authority formulates have abused power in various ways. The instruments of power have operated on discrimination lines in the social work places. Social prejudice acts as embedment of the oppressive ideologies of those in power. There are theories that explain the power relations in a social work. One of these theories is power-dependence relations (Burke, 2006:194).
Emerson formulated this theory in 1962. Emerson used two factors (parties) A and B. This theory holds that power is a possession of a relationship between A and B. This means that neither A nor B possesses power individually. Emerson theory indicates that a power relation is a sort of resistance on the part of one party that the other actor overcomes (Burke, 2006:194). The theory allude that the basis of power is dependence. In this case, dependence is the control of resources that one party depends on to achieve his/ her goals. The theory notes that dependence relies of two factors. The two