This research will begin with the statement that the practice of abortion, a process of terminating the pregnancy to ensure it does not give birth to a child, has been there since the 5th century. In olden days, ancient people used natural abortion practices when cases involving health complications and emotional immaturity to save a mother’s life. In the 21st century, with the increasing urbanization and industrialization, the number of girls, who visit the clinic for an abortion, is extremely high. According to the National Abortion Organization, nearly one million teenagers become pregnant each year and 78 percent of these teenage pregnancies are unintended. A practice, which is used to save a mother’s life on olden days, is now becoming big concern as teenagers started thronging into the clinics because of unwanted pregnancies. There are several reasons behind girls choosing abortion. It is the responsibility of all educated to empower teenage girls to stay away from the activities that help unwanted pregnancies. As teenagers who are carrying an unwanted pregnancy are visiting clinics without any parental notification for abortion, empowering teenagers regarding the implications of unwanted pregnancy will prevent teenage abortions. Teen Abortion has always been most controversial subject in nature. The researcher feels this is attributable to the well-known fact that majority of the people have got a different set of beliefs that are inherited from the religion and society. Some people say teenage abortion is wrong but some enunciate it is right under some circumstances.
As per the statistics of National Abortion Federation, 80 out of 100 Americans have sex before 20 years of age. The average age of a girl, who loses her virginity is around 17 years. This is the main reason behind the teen abortions in America. There are a very few cases where girls under 15 years of age become pregnant due to forceful sex and they will not have any option but to choose abortion.
Teen abortion was legal in all states before 1991. The law in a very few number of states demands parental permission or notification before a teen is going to be aborted. Places like Minnesota, teenage abortions were declined without parental notification or permission before 1991 (American Journal of Public Health, March 91). To reduce the teenage abortion percentages, nearly 29 states had ordained parental permission to do an abortion in 1992. Thanks to the law, teenage abortions have started declining in USA since 1992.
Source: Jones and Kooistra K, Abortion incidence and services in the United States, 2008, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2011, 43(1):41–50.
Elements Substantiating Teenage Pregnancy
Lack of sex education (Ross DA, 2008) is the primary reason behind the teenage pregnancy. As sexual education was not included in the school curriculum, teens do not know contraception and prevention of unwanted pregnancy (Ioannidi‐ Kapolou, 2004). Lack of supervision of parents’ or guardians’ on their children leads to teenage pregnancy. As per the research, most of the girls who carry unwanted pregnancy