Affirmative action laws aim to correct years of employment discrimination against the minorities, by providing them more opportunities to be hired (Ballantine and Roberts 216). I asked her how many people she thinks she helps every year. She said that she believes she helps around 360-400 people every year, based on successful referrals. Sarah described that her agency gets funding from the government, the church, and private donors, as well as fundraising projects. Sarah noted that the structural challenges that she believed make it hard for the poor to access agencys benefits are the lack of information about the organization and its wide array of social services and the thinking among the poor that their conditions are permanent and irreversible. I believe that this person is doing more good than harm, although it is possible that affirmative action presents instances of reverse discrimination. Sarah is doing more good, because she helps people learn how to help themselves and improve their social and economic conditions in life.
Some of the social causes of primary causes of deaths in the United States are poverty and racial and ethnic prejudice and discrimination. Ballantine and Roberts show that social factors, particularly racism and social status, help explain some of the leading causes of deaths, such as heart disease, cancer, stroke, chronic lower respiratory diseases and diabetes. They stress that people’s social conditions affect their health and life expectancy (169). Countries with shortest life expectancy often lack adequate accessible and affordable healthcare, experience wars, and undergo illnesses and famine (Ballantine and Roberts 169). The poor, even in urban areas, are more prone to heart disease, cancer, stroke, chronic lower respiratory diseases and diabetes, because of their low wages, which disable them to eat nutritious food and also because of their grueling work hours,