It is agreeable that nuclear technology has produced significant extensions in the destructive power of weapons in modern times, as well as in the methods for their delivery to targets and improvements regarding accuracy, range, and speed of modern weapons (Paul et al, 2009).
The issue of nuclear weapons has occupied central position in the debate on international peace and security and there has been increasing urge within the international community for nuclear disarmament. Paul, et al (2009) explain that most countries, including the UN Security Council’s five permanent members have repeatedly committed themselves in law and word to pursuit of nuclear disarmament in good faith in a bid to eliminate nuclear weapons completely. This has been informed by the belief that international peace and security in the long run would be promoted in the absence of nuclear weapons (Geller, 1990). However, there has been a view that nuclear weapons are useful and important in promoting international peace and security; those who feel protected by them or possess them argue that they are not meant to be used but rather employed solely as a military deterrent to adversaries thereby preventing war (Berry et al, 2010). The advocates of creation and stockpiling of nuclear weapons as a military deterrent argue that it helped to end the World War Two in 1945, maintained peace during the Cold War and extended deterrence to military allies of those who possess nuclear weapons. It is on the basis of these two arguments on whether nuclear weapons should be created and stockpiled as military deterrent or should be eliminated that it is critical to examine the ethical issue and problems that the issue presents.
Berry et al (2010) observe that there has been a great deal of claims for nuclear deterrence. Most experts and International Relations experts, as well as interested public claims for nuclear deterrence include: stabilizing crises, protect friends of states that
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