However, with the discovery of cheap raw materials for the industries, the production of goods shift to other areas outside the western world leaving the communities in the cities in a desperate situation, trying to find ways of survival (Mcgregor, 2003, p56). Regeneration strategies such as the improvement of infrastructure, culture based regeneration, the application of arts and creativity have helped in the improvement of communities that no longer participate in the production of goods and services (Carley, 2000, p67).
Policy makers in the post-industrial society had to come up with measures to help the society meet its daily needs and compensate for the jobs lost. Their main aim was to create cities that would attract more investors and visitors. There cities had to shift from production to consumption. This type of regeneration relates to the positive transformation of cities that had shown signs of social, physical, and economic life (Eisinger, 2000, p27).
Culture led regeneration has been used across Europe and in the United States to help ex-industrial communities live a meaningful life. The central government in the United Kingdom had to come up with Regional Development Agencies (RDA), whose main aim was to ensure that every citizen benefits from the country’s economic prosperity and opportunities available in the UK. The government has been able to oversee the spread of economic prosperity to other regions through decentralization of power by ensuring that local authorities have more autonomy (Evans and Shaw, 2004, p52).
The main purpose of cultural regeneration is to the help the economically disadvantaged regions through arts-based events. In addition, there are efforts in coming up with high quality housing in order to attract more investors and people to the cities (Florida, 2002, p36). There are connections between culture and urban regeneration. The main types of