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Social Conflict and Cultural Conflict Theories - Research Paper Example

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There have been theories that have been established to explain and may be offer solutions to these conflicts. Examples of these theories include social conflict theories and cultural conflict theories among others. Background Social conflict theories are Marxist-based theories that argue that people within the society, including groups differ in terms of material and non-material resources (Surhone, Timpledon, & Marseken, 2010). This division manifests between the rich and the poor. The rich have the power, control the means of production while the poor are powerless or have limited power, and thus have no control over resources. The rich who have power use it to exploit and oppress the groups that have lesser power. This exploitation occurs through economic and brute force. Cultural conflict theory considers cultural diversity in the modern industrial society as the major cause of conflicts. The cultural embodiment in people that is diverse is the root cause of conflicts (Sellin, 1983). This paper will examine and explain the similarities and differences that are existent in social conflict theories and cultural conflicts and their manifestation in communication between individuals and groups and how the conflict escalates and deescalates (Surhone, Timpledon, & Marseken, 2010). ...
It shows the values and interests of the groups, which manage to control the legislative process. He also considered the "conduct norms" of other groups that are less powerful as they reflect on the specific social situations and experiences of these groups and often come into conflict (Culture Conflict) with the crime norms. This results to the construction of deviant or criminal definitions that surround the everyday behavior of the individual members of the less powerful groups. Sellin states that as society diversify and become heterogeneous, the likelihood of more frequent conflict arises, therefore deviance increase (Sellin, 1983). George Vold (1958) expanded on the ideas of Sellin by emphasizing on the understanding of the social nature of crimes as a manifestation of group struggles (Vold, 1958). He states that humans are social by nature and form groups based on interests and needs that people share. These needs and interests come into play as individuals interact and result to competition. This happens as people try to maintain and expand their group position in the control of resources. This competition results to conflicts (Vold, 1958). Austin Turk in 1969 added to this theory by developing a general conflict theory of crime. He focused on institutional authority where the power is embedded on structural relations that are specific to a certain society (Turk, 1969). In this power authority domain, Turk observed that conflict that occur between authorities and subjects happen when behavioral differences between authorities and subjects are determined by cultural differences. The probability of the occurrence of conflict increases the more organized those who have an illegal attribute are and how they engage in illegal ...Show more
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Social Conflict and Cultural Conflict Theories [Name] [University] Introduction Conflicts are part of societies. Conflicts have existed in the world from time immemorial. People and societies have similarities and differences that manifest in their individual interests…
Social Conflict and Cultural Conflict Theories
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