Fundamentally, the policy intended to improve the urban housing, which was unsafe. Unfortunately, some local authorities used it to abate taxation. The spiraling numbers of people who settle in cities have been a great challenge to the authority. Largely, the local authorities have been using the growing number to declare an area as blighted. The definition of blight stems from the public activities that advance into areas allocated for the industrial properties. Further, the creation of blight extended into residential areas. The local authority and the federal government have been observing blights as regions that breed crime because the people who settled in the slum areas had the following characteristics; persons who lost or had no connection with home life, persons whose homes lost the decency to support home life. Other than the aforementioned characteristics, substandard housing bread immorality comprises public health as well as the civic integrity. Politicians have responded to the above challenges by enacting the urban renewal policy. The policy worked towards reforming urban governance, influencing urban planning, and zoning efforts. The municipalities had limited capacity to rehabilitate the blight conditions thereby making the home rule, which was applicable in many states ineffective. Other constraints included the protection of welfare by the police. These challenges necessitated the politicians to define methods that could influence the housing conditions.