ailed to regulate the situation include Gaza, Burma, Darfur, Congo, and Sri Lanka (Mehta, “Reforms in Global Governance and Democracy: for a Just, Peaceful and Sustainable World”).
To make the matters worse, the global system that was meant to ensure economic growth, development, and eradicate poverty has evidently collapsed with prices on food soaring and millions of the poor left on the verge of starvation. Solving these problems on the global level is believed to be as important as ensuring peace by actions in the sphere of security. This is explained by the fact the sources of instability that are non-military threaten peace. To illustrate, the concept of security supported by the United Nations with regard to the post- Cold War world says that
“The absence of war and military conflicts amongst states does not in itself ensure international peace and security. The non-military source of instability in the economic, social, humanitarian, and ecological fields, have become threats to peace and security. The United Nations Membership as a whole, working through appropriate bodies needs to give the highest priority to solution of these matters.”
Yet, as the international community have unanimously recognized, neither the United Nations nor Bretton Woods institutions function properly and effectively today (Chiba & Schoenbaum 168; Mehta, “Reforms in Global Governance and Democracy: for a Just, Peaceful and sustainable World”; ). This serves an adequate background for their reformation and reorganization. Besides, significant changes in the world order and increasing impact of globalization make it necessary for the states to create new organizations that would be globally oriented and quick to respond to upcoming challenges. Therefore, steps need to be taken in two possible directions: to improve and restructure the international organizations that already exist and function; to create new international organizations with regard to the recent