In terms of age, children are more likely to suffer from the devastating effects of poverty than adults. According to recent literature on the effects of poverty across populations, one in very two children suffers from poverty (Shah 57). These statistics also show that women bear the most devastating effects of poverty in places where poverty is rampant.
The difference also manifests across regions where places such as Bangladesh and Sub-Saharan Africa suffer higher rates of poverty than places in the developed parts of the world (Shah 36). Generally, rural populations have tended to suffer the effects of poverty more than the urban populations. Although this reality obtains in most parts of the world, there are exceptional cases in parts of Latin America where poverty in the urban centers tends to be higher than in the rural places. In terms of explanations, social scholars have argued that increased migrations from the rural areas to the urban areas have brought about significant pressure on the limited resources within the urban centers.
Although there can be no singular course of poverty in the world, various studies have tended to agree on the fact that some fundamental challenges working as a network are significantly responsible for its occurrence and prevalence. According to some studies, the problem of poverty around the world is caused by poor government policies, which fail to prioritize the welfare of citizens on the development agenda. For instance, governments in Sub –Saharan Africa tend to spend much of their budgetary allocations on governance-related expenditure rather than on matters of infrastructural developments. Reviews of various studies on development have shown that the high rate of poverty is usually caused by infrastructure related challenges (Shah 41; Tonnemacher and Simon, 133). Poor road networks, underdeveloped communication systems, and lack of schools are some of the infrastructural challenges that impede the