The Mexico City Policy is considerably more delimiting than the Helms Amendment because organizations could no longer obtain U.S. government funding, if they encourage or carry out abortions, even if these activities receive financial support from non-USAID money (Letanosky, 2009).
In 1985, President Reagan passed the Mexico City Policy. In 1993, President Clinton withdrew the Mexico City Policy, and reinstated the former policy under the Helms Amendment, which allowed USAID to finance organizations, as long as the funds were not directly used to promote or execute abortions. President George W. Bush reinstated the policy in 2001, but President Barack Obama rescinded the policy on January 13, 2009 (Letanosky, 2009).
2. A. Elise Letanosky, the author of this analysis, is a PhD candidate in international affairs at the Washington University Elliot School of International affairs, with a focus on development. She graduated from Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida in May 2007 where she majored in International relations and minored in women’s studies. Would you consider her and authority on this policy? Are there any other examples of authoritative source in the article?
Letanosky (2009) is not considered as an authority on this policy because she has not conducted original research on the actual reproductive health needs of refugee women. Still, her educational background provides her academic integrity in her analysis. Also, other examples of authoritative sources are included in her article, including reports and studies from human rights and healthcare organizations, such as International Planned Parenthood Federation and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The article also cites a Lancet study, which reported that in countries where abortion is legal, safe abortions are more prevalent.
3. Robert Merton and Talcott Parsons were sociologists who analyzed human social behavior by implementing the classical theory of