Figure below show percentage of HIV prevalence among 15-24 year olds in selected sub-Saharan African countries in 2001-2003. As shown, there is higher incidence of HIV cases in women. This becomes a problem because of the high probability of transmitting the disease to the babies due to pregnancy.
It is said that due to numerous infectious diseases plaguing Africa, economic development is hard to achieve thus the African region lags behind other region in terms of human development. According to the “African Health Report”, and based on its 2002 estimates, “72% of deaths in the African region is caused by communicable diseases such as HIV/aids, tuberculosis, malaria, respiratory infections, other infectious diseases, and complications of pregnancy and childbirth”. This is coupled by other socio economic problems of the region, extreme poverty, and lack of education. It is regrettable but these deaths are preventable. Solution to these problems has become a big challenge to the African States in particular, and to the world, in general.
AIDS in Africa according to studies, started with chimpanzees. A conclusive evidence based on a comprehensive 10 year study found a strain of “Simian Immuno deficiency virus in a number of chimpanzees in Cameroon was a viral ancestor of HIV that eventually caused AIDS in humans” (“History of HIV & AIDS in Africa’). There was no other strain of the same kind found in chimpanzees from other parts of the world, so it was concluded that the strain came from Africa. “The History of HIV…” cited an unconfirmed rumor that HIV was brought by an infected individual who travelled through the river from Cameroon to Congo, and spread it through sexual network. It was speculated that HIV was carried in the Eastern part of Africa (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda) in 1979 and reached the