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Literature Review: Child Abuse - Essay Example

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Literature review: Child abuse “There is little doubt that child abuse and childhood experience of loss, when no effective opportunity is provided for the child to make sense of these experiences, constitutes unresolved trauma which is likely to manifest itself in some way at a later date.” Boswell, 1997 pp…
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Literature Review: Child Abuse
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Literature Review: Child Abuse

In Northern Ireland, approximately 416 children registered for child protection were identified to have been experienced sexual abuse, while 265 children from Wales suffered similar abuse (Department for Education, 2010; DHSSPS, 2010; Scottish Government, 2010; Welsh Assembly, 2010). There is substantial evidence with regard to mistreatment of children termed as child abuse, in the available literature, which suggests that there exists a significant amount of child abuse often resulting in death and domestic violence, in the UK (Brandon et al., 2008). Thus indicating a severe need to initiate prompt measures to counter such abuse, and safeguard the affected children through effective and preventive measures. Table 1: Maltreatment / Child Abuse statistics in the UK - 2011 Source: NSPCC Report (2011) pp. 8 Definitions: Child: Although the definition of the term "child" differs in all the four UK nations, the term is commonly defined by the UN Convention of Rights of the Child, and as ratified by the UK government that "a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless, under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier" (NSPCC, 2011a). Child Abuse: The term child abuse is defined by NSPCC as "any form of physical, emotional or sexual mistreatment or lack of care that leads to injury or harm” (NSPCC, 2011b). Child Maltreatment: According to Butchart, Putney, Furniss and Kahane (2006) the term child maltreatment refers to "all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power" (Pp. 9). Part -II Role of community workers: Child abuse is often strongly associated with short as well as long-term health consequences such as anxiety, guilt, substance abuse, low self-esteem, phobic reactions, dissociation, as well as trust issues, often leading to depression and even suicide in some cases (Walker, 2009; Briere & Runtz, 1989). There is wide amount of literature which suggests that child abuse often leads to increased incidences of criminal activities. Researchers have observed that a high proportion of inmates arrested for various types of crimes, have had a child abuse history. Thus, it is inevitable that these children, i.e., those suffering from child abuse, receive some form of therapeutic services from the community as well as welfare workers, in order to help prevent such abuse and help the children from its negative consequences on their lives. According to the guidelines laid down by the Department of Health, UK, for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children and young people, the all the agencies set up by the government, are entrusted with the responsibility of preventing children from suffering harm - physical or emotional, and ensure their welfare and wellbeing through a range of services by identifying their needs and safeguarding them from being harmed or mistreated. The guideline suggests intervention measures which can be implemented at the strategic level to ensure that the children and young people suffering from or likely to suffer from any kind of abuse, must have adequate access to health care and ... Read More
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