Literature review: Child abuse “There is little doubt that child abuse and childhood experience of loss, when no effective opportunity is provided for the child to make sense of these experiences, constitutes unresolved trauma which is likely to manifest itself in some way at a later date.” Boswell, 1997 pp…
In Northern Ireland, approximately 416 children registered for child protection were identified to have been experienced sexual abuse, while 265 children from Wales suffered similar abuse (Department for Education, 2010; DHSSPS, 2010; Scottish Government, 2010; Welsh Assembly, 2010). There is substantial evidence with regard to mistreatment of children termed as child abuse, in the available literature, which suggests that there exists a significant amount of child abuse often resulting in death and domestic violence, in the UK (Brandon et al., 2008). Thus indicating a severe need to initiate prompt measures to counter such abuse, and safeguard the affected children through effective and preventive measures. Table 1: Maltreatment / Child Abuse statistics in the UK - 2011 Source: NSPCC Report (2011) pp. 8 Definitions: Child: Although the definition of the term "child" differs in all the four UK nations, the term is commonly defined by the UN Convention of Rights of the Child, and as ratified by the UK government that "a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless, under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier" (NSPCC, 2011a). Child Abuse: The term child abuse is defined by NSPCC as "any form of physical, emotional or sexual mistreatment or lack of care that leads to injury or harm” (NSPCC, 2011b). Child Maltreatment: According to Butchart, Putney, Furniss and Kahane (2006) the term child maltreatment refers to "all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power" (Pp. 9). Part -II Role of community workers: Child abuse is often strongly associated with short as well as long-term health consequences such as anxiety, guilt, substance abuse, low self-esteem, phobic reactions, dissociation, as well as trust issues, often leading to depression and even suicide in some cases (Walker, 2009; Briere & Runtz, 1989). There is wide amount of literature which suggests that child abuse often leads to increased incidences of criminal activities. Researchers have observed that a high proportion of inmates arrested for various types of crimes, have had a child abuse history. Thus, it is inevitable that these children, i.e., those suffering from child abuse, receive some form of therapeutic services from the community as well as welfare workers, in order to help prevent such abuse and help the children from its negative consequences on their lives. According to the guidelines laid down by the Department of Health, UK, for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children and young people, the all the agencies set up by the government, are entrusted with the responsibility of preventing children from suffering harm - physical or emotional, and ensure their welfare and wellbeing through a range of services by identifying their needs and safeguarding them from being harmed or mistreated. The guideline suggests intervention measures which can be implemented at the strategic level to ensure that the children and young people suffering from or likely to suffer from any kind of abuse, must have adequate access to health care and ...
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According an estimated 80 percent of abuse children carry physical, psychological, behavioral and societal consequence that last a lifetime (Hermes, 2010). Many sociologists believe that the experience often make the victims result to isolation. Because of this isolation, the abused child goes on and involves in alcohol, drugs and even crime.
In every country of the world child abusing is happening every day. In some countries the rate of child abusing is less and in some countries it is extreme. This system of abusing is not a modern problem; it took place in our society from the ancient age.
They are called as "Poor". And for higher class and ever growing middle class, these poor are a scar on modern urban society destroying the beauty of big cities and metros with their dingy slums. But when the civilization gets out of its narrow mindedness, it realizes growth of the whole race requires a defined research of different issues related to poverty and the effect it causes.
David James Pelzer is the well-known author of numerous books, some of his most recognized works being: A Child Called It (1995), The Lost Boy (1997), A Man Named Dave (1999), Help Yourself (2001), The Privilege of Youth (2004), and Life's Lessons (2004). Pelzer's books have had an effective influence on people of all ages, and he is considered to be not only an author, but an impressive advocate for children's rights as well.As a child, David Pelzer was severely abused by his mother for a period of eight years which he was told by authorities was one of the three worst cases of child abuse in California history.
Prevalence of the problem has been suggested to include almost one-quarter of the nation's population (Finkelhor et al., 1990). As a result of sexual abuse, a variety of emotional and behavioral problems may develop and continue into the young victim's adulthood.
In recent years children have been encouraged to speak out about the abuse they are suffering and money has been spent on campaigns designed to encourage such disclosure and also to reassure the child that they are not to blame for the abuse they are being
This paper helps in understanding child's current actions and intentions of life. Being able to make life a little easier for adults who have been abused through counseling is not only good for the adults but also good for society as a whole.
Child abuse can also be as neglecting to provide a child with a need that can lead to that child being affected negatively. For example, if a guardian ignores to provide basic elementary education, then that parent has
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