A study conducted by Ranjita sought to determine the possible effect of age, race, and gender on individual and societal attitudes on abortion. The study was based in the United States and adopted a longitudinal approach that sought to determine the nature in attitude change across time between the period of 1977 and 1993. Changes in attitude were tested across the categories of race, gender, and age. Multiple regression and mean scale score, and longitudinal analysis were used by the study to test the changes in attitudes across the categories of the respondents.
The results of the studies showed an increasing preference of pro-life choices among younger people. The same results indicated some marked division between young men and young women with the women adopting positions that are more aligned with pro-life whereas the young men indicated some significant preference on pro-choice policies. Regarding the matter of race, the study showed that there were no significant differences on matters of abortion across the racial lines. However, it was established that races that expressed high levels of religiosity were more likely to adopt-prolife approaches on the matter of abortion as opposed to races that were more liberal and less pronounced on matters of religion.
On the matter of education, Ranjita (1998) found out that individuals and groups with relatively higher levels of education were more aligned to pro-choice policies and approaches as opposed to individuals and groups with relatively lower levels of education.