Looking at this today, the laws that enforced such systems are no longer today those basic tendencies are still there today (Carmichael,1973). Institutional racism has established barriers that make it difficult for certain groups of people from with ethnic or racial bias to access healthcare or proper housing among other basic needs(Coretta, 2011). This is the inability to give or even withhold facilities, services, opportunities or social benefit based on national origin, color or race. It is important to note that institutional racism happens without consciously knowing that it is taking place.
Institutional racism can be divided into broad categories, reformed racist institution or an overt racist institution (Carmichael,1973). Reformed racists institutions have biases against for example blacks but not act on them. A good example is an institution that holds the belief that blacks have a higher likelihood of abusing pain medication in comparison to Caucasian or other races (Carmichael,1973). Overt racist institutions on the other hand actively express bias against other groups of people, this can privately or publicly. Another form of institutionalized discrimination may involve lack of provision of funding for public schools affecting the minority whose young people are affected by such measures (Jones,1997).
The documentary film Race: the power of an illusion episode three house we live in brings out succinct points on the nature of institutional racism. Yet the most important thing is the views expressed by authorities in a different field on the nature of racism and why most get it wrong.
The narrator begins by pointing out that the issue of race is everywhere yet, in essence, it is an illusion. Pointing out that race is merely differentiated on an aspect of physical appearance.