In addition, youth gangs in the views of Howell (1997, p. 1) have a particular geographical territory that they cover and dominate, have certain set regular meetings and can at times decide to participate in illegal activities. Independently, Public Safety Canada (2007, p.1) defines youth gangs as organized groups of young adults or adolescents who practice intimidation, crime and violence acts just to accumulate power and gain group recognition from the society in order to control the specific regions. In the reports of Public Safety Canada (2007, p.1), youths who join or participate in the gangs activities are likely to have suffered from effects of social inequalities and disadvantages. Public Safety Canada (2007, p.2) highlights the following reasons as ones that pull youths into gang criminal activities. The first reason is that some join to get excitement while others join for prestige, others as ways of earning income while others may also join to get protection. Youth gangs have been very serious and problematic with consideration to high membership and increasing popularity across different genders and age groups. Initially, youth gangs were assumed as organizations only meant for male adults. Today, youth gangs have increasing number of girls and adolescents who are very brutal and dangerous to the communities. Youth gangs have been the main law breakers in various societies as they mostly participate in unlawful activities (Spergel & Susan 1995, 456). For instance, the increasing unrest in the community caused by rise in drug and substance abuse are all results of youth gangs. Astonishingly, Public Safety Canada (2007, p.2) discloses that the effects of youth gangs have involved sneaking of drug into learning institutions, thereby interfering with the learning progress of students. Increased use of drugs among students participating in youth gangs have led to massive school drop outs thus leading to rise in the number of unlearned and unproductive members of the society. Worse still, youth gangs have been attributed to the sneaking of guns into learning institutions alongside rise in gun violence in the same schools (Spergel & Susan 1995, p.469). As mentioned there before, youth groups gain popularity among girls who in most cases get involved in serious group assaults while in possession of guns and knives among other lethal weapons. Female members of youth gangs have also been involved in illegal drug trafficking and serious communal violence. This fact has led to the erosion of morality from communities that perceived girl child as one who should express respect and be submissive to the other members of the society. It has also been a common occurrence that teachers have been facing verbal and physical assaults as well destruction of property and school facilities by the students who engage in youth gangs. Incidents of theft in schools have also been on the rise due to the existence of youth gang members in schools (Scheidlinger 1994, p.3). It is a sad disclosure that young students in the elementary and secondary schools have been joining youth gangs in large numbers due to fear of aggression from the particular youth groups and thus the need for protection. The problem of youth gangs in schools has also been gaining support from the failure of the victimized students to report the incidences due to fear of intimidation and retaliation.
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CRIMINOLOGY: YOUTH GANGS AND CRIME Instructor Institution Date Crime is one factor that deteriorates and scuttles the development of societies as well as delineating peace in the contemporary communities. The rise in criminal activities within various communities and societies has been linked to the growing numbers of criminal youth gangs…
The key reason why the society is concerned is because youth gangs members engage in criminal activities also commit violent serious offenses. According to Wiener (2005) he asserts that youth gangs are distinctive groups mainly associated with young adults in adolescents usually involved in extensive illegal activities in the society (Wiener 2005).
The researchers have concentrated their study on the period between 1959 and 1974, where they have gathered the data from divergent units of analysis in order to give representation to different socioeconomic and ethno-racial groups involved in the crimes in one way or the other.
It is believed that youth gangs initially appeared in Europe, or Mexico. However it is not totally clear when or why youth gangs made their appearance in the United States. The earliest record of their appearance in the United States may have been as early as 1783, as the American Revolution ended.
The heading Aims and Objectives discusses the aims of the research, namely the present state of the media perception, the role of the public in youth crimes, the real threat of the youth crimes and who precipitates the problems? The Literature Review discusses various literatures concerned with youth crime and media perception.
Especially, youth crime and opportunity structure draw the attention of educators, academicians, researchers, and policy makers of criminal justice and criminology. Youth gang crimes are mounting in a harmful way and authorities
Inasmuch as females are not common members of gangs, female gang members have already been seen as far back as the 1800s, serving as counterparts of male-dominated gangs (San Diego County Office of Education,
For crimes to reach at terrorism level, it is an assurance that it was not something done for a day, but rather the criminals have a past of committing such or else less offences. Today, youth crime has become rampant with the guardians loosing almost
However, it is ascertained that the gangs exists within all prisons in US though identified with different purposes. For instance, there are the prisons gangs whose purposes are to supply drugs, offer protection to minor inmates while others exists
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