e private and public funds, whereby public funds are acquired from governmental sources such as local, federal and state agencies while private funds are obtained from charity givers such as direct giving programs, foundations, society groups and voluntary agencies. In the United States, the federal government offers social welfare grants to each state through the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program (WelfareInfo.org). The social welfare system provides support to individuals and families through programs such as health care, unemployment compensation, food stamps, child care assistance and housing assistance. In the United States, a case employee is handed over to each individual or family submitting an application for benefit to determine and confirm the applicant’s needs.
In regards to social welfare, drug dependency is a very serious problem among the oppressed layers of the working class, and the poor since most of their formidable obstacles are not within their ability to control which makes them dependent on aid. The society has many addicts who are having their drug needs supported by the government as drug habits will make the victim be less dependable and this burden is laid on society (Grimes). Drug testing should be mandatory and not scheduled as the victims know their way around tests and making the tests random will ensure that they are caught up with before they can misuse public funds. Since the 1996 welfare reform act of the Clinton administration, which led to imposed time limits and creation of work rules on aid beneficiaries, states have decided to implement ever-tighter requirements on enrollees.
The first state to test applicants was Michigan in 1999, but the law was declared non-constitutional and was reversed by the Michigan court of appeals in 2003 (TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc). However, legislatures in at least 28 states have considered drug testing applicants or recipients of public aid programs before they are