Class, which has linkage to prestige power, and wealth can be regarded as entirely a universal phenomenon as it manifests in almost all modern complex societies. A social class is fairly a stable group differentiated from other classes by its habitual modes of behaviour (lifestyles of a certain class) incorporating aspects such as the mode of dress, living standards, means of recreation, and cultural products) (Craib 2002, p.343).
The foundation of social classes is mainly economic, although they are not simply economic divisions. This is informed by the fact that subjective criteria such as class consciousness, class identification, and class solidarity always play a part in shaping the concept class (Brooks and Svallfors 2010, p.199). Likewise, objective criteria such as occupational status, wealth, and income, also exercise significant influence on the class system (Moore 2001, p.47). The class system, linked to class consciousness, encompasses a sentiment characterizing the relations between individuals and other classes.
Most discussions on the concept of class seem to manifest the terminology problem detailing how the concept class is employed within social theory, with theoretical disputes regarding the precise delimitation of the notion of class (Giddens and Sutton 2010, p.136). While all application of the word class in social theory appeal to the problem of understanding systems of economic inequality, diverse uses of the word remain entrenched in different theoretical agendas incorporating diverse kinds of questions, and hence, diverse kinds of concepts (Macionis and Plummer 2012, p.6).
First, the concept class sometimes features in answer to the query: how do individuals, whether independently or collectively, position themselves, plus others, within a social structure of inequality? Class can be regarded as a possible response to this query