Target 1B was to achieve productive and full employment, as well as decent work for every one, including young people and women. The main indicators for this target were the employment-to-population ratio, growth rate of GDP per person employed, proportion of employed people living under one dollar a day, and the proportion of workers who own-account and contribute to family who are in employment.
This target has also been hit by the economic crisis which has led to a decline in employment due to deterioration of the labor market. With loss of jobs, several workers were forced into vulnerable employment; hence many of them have found themselves and their families living in extreme poverty. Target 1C is to halve the number of persons who suffer from hunger between the year 1990 and the year 2015, (UN, 2007). Some of the indicators include the incidence of underweight kids who are under-5 years of age, and the number of people below minimum point of dietary energy consumption. Again, the global economic crisis may have contributed to a spike in hunger in 2009, with 1 in every 4 children in developing nations still underweight. Indications also point to a high prevalence of underweight children among the poor. So how is Kenya progressing toward achieving this goal?
Kenya is a country in East Africa and is bordered by Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, and South Sudan. The country covers an area of 582, 646 square kilometers, and had a population of 41.6 million people as of 2011. According to data from World Bank (2011), as of 2011, Kenya had a GDP of $33.62 billion. This translates to a GDP per capita of about $17000. The GDP growth was also put at 4.5%, with the inflation rate peaking at 12%. Among some of the world development indicators, there was a 113% gross primary school enrollment as of 2009, with the poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line standing at 45.9%. The country’s life expectancy is put at 57