It involves interweaving of cultural, socio-political, and economic activities of all countries in the world in a bid to create ‘ a free market for goods and services’, though most third world countries, a significant portion of them being Muslims would interpret it as exploitation and colonization by the stronger economies.
From a religious perspective, globalization can be termed as a process, which links different religions of the world at varied levels through an exponentially expanding network of exchanges involving people, goods, ideas, cultures, technology, services and traditions (Razak, 2011).1 Globalization is inherently Americanized almost synonymous with Americanization. Economic globalization has been characterized by economic colonization of the economies of weaker nations by the stronger states. In light with this, this essay seeks to unravel the effects of globalization to the Muslim community in the world.
Due to the unbalanced economic relationship, Muslims have had to refer to the Koran for guidance and direction on issues of economic disparity and unequal opportunities to avert poverty and suffering occasioned by economic imbalance. In search of a solution, Muslims have had to form groups aimed at addressing indigence. For example, Muslims in sub Saharan Africa have founded organisations of different gender compositions and people from diverse backgrounds as platforms for addressing community economic interests (Markham & Ozdemir, 2005).2
The propensity of globalization to promote diversity and suppress local specificities can create chasms between nations and cultures with the accompanying plethora of social and cultural mores demonstrated in food, clothing and fashion, music and films, political scrutiny and intolerance, cultural and religious practices causing tension and suspicion as has been the case between Muslim states in the Middle East and the west(Markham & Ozdemir, 2005).3
While some Muslim