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Humanitarian Issue - Essay Example

Such rights represent individuals or groups’ entitlements and their responsibilities. Genocide is the intention of destroying in part or completely any ethnical, national, religious, or racial groups by killing all the members or causing serious mental or bodily harm to the group members. It also includes deliberating on inflicting on such a group some life conditions calculated to cause physical destruction in either part or whole, imposing measures aimed at preventing birth within such groups, or forceful transfer of their children to another group (UN ND, Para 4). Following the demise of Burundi and Rwandan presidents in an air crash attributed to a rocket attack, systematic and intense massacres of the minority Tutsi ethnic and moderate Hutus ethnic groups occurred in Rwanda over a number of weeks. Consequently, about a million people lost their lives through brutal killing while an estimated women’s figure of about 150,000 to 250,000 were raped. This has gone into records as a severe case of genocide, which shocked international community (UN ND, Para 1). The international community has been in the forefront to fight for human rights, prevention of conflict, genocides, or any other form of human gross abuse. The international community is motivated by the Rwandan case in which thousands of innocent Rwandans lost their lives in 1994. In this case, the international community could have thwarted the mass killings but this lives as a hard lesson for the whole world. Due to this, numerous international organisations as well as individual states are devoted to ensuring and fostering peace across the world and any infringement of citizen rights calls for their attention. Such efforts intensified after the Rwandan genocide of 1994 and the 1995 and 1999’s ethnic cleansing in Kosovo and Balkans. The concern of the international community was how it could react in effective ways towards quelling of situations in which human rights are violated grossly and systematically. The issue of concern was whether nations have absolute sovereignty over their internal affairs or whether international community is entitled to employing military intervention in a nation for humanitarian purposes (UN ND, Para 3). The purpose of this paper is to review the occurrences of such ethnic conflicts, genocide, as well as gross human rights abuse and examine how the international community has succeeded in prevention of such occurrences across the world. Occurrences of Ethnic Conflict, Genocide, and Gross Human Rights Abuse Ethnic conflicts, genocides, murder, and other gross violations of human rights qualify as dehumanization acts. Dehumanization is defined as the psychological process in which opponents perceive each other less than human hence undeserving moral consideration. It involves demonizing of the foe, making them appear less than human hence unworthy of humane treatment. Such a psychological process is hailed as the chief cause of increased violence, violation of human rights, genocide, war crimes, as well as other forms of gross human rights abuse (Finnemore 2000, p. 1). Some of the leading examples of such ethnic conflicts include the perception of the Jews as inferior and less human by the Nazis in Germany and the Hutus undermining of the Tutsis in Rwanda. The Nazis killed over one million Jews through some well-established structures and concentration camps, which were supported by the Germany government under Adolf Hitler. One the other hand, Rwanda’s ethnic conflict in 1994 resulted into the famous Rwandan genocide, which saw about a million people dying within a hundred days. Other nations have had less pronounced cases especially in the African continent in which every ...Show more
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Summary

Humanitarianism is concerned with human rights, which are defined as the basic freedoms and rights that all human beings are entitled to. Some of these rights include right to life, freedom of expression and thought, liberty, as well as equal treatment, among others. …
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